Science News June

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                      June 2018

# 3 billion year old organic molecules identified on Mars.

# Mars Will be closest to Earth.

# A new planet discovered by Indian Scientists.

# Moon is moving away from the Earth.

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✍ 3 billion years old organic molecules identified on Mars.
In our solar system, Mars is the only planet on which we can stroll. But the biggest question is "Does life on Mars exist?". If you want to answer this question, then you must read this news.
American Space Agency NASA's Mars Rover Curiosity has identified a variety of organic molecules in 3-billion-year-old Mars rocks.

 The rocks were examined by Curiosity Rover working from 2012. In this research, Curiosity Rover found 3-billion-year-old organic molecules that testify to life on Mars. The Carbon-based building blocks of life on the Earth as we know it. It can be said that ancient life existed on the surface of Mars 3-billion-years ago. We can also say that this type of life may also exist under the surface. These results do not give us any evidence of life, but there is a possibility the organic molecules are from an ancient life source.

Mars Will be closest to Earth.
The month of July is going to be a special for those who are interested in a space science. According to NASA on July 27 Sun, Earth and Mars will be in a straight direction. Due to which mars will be the closest to Earth. There was such a sight in the year 2003. Which happened approximately 60,000 years ago. There will be something similar in 2018 after 2003. In these 15 years, Mars will be closest to Earth. During this time, Mars will be closer to the Sun, so that the Sun's light will be more on Mars than before. Due to which the Mars planet will be well visible from the Earth. This is a historic event in the field of space that all the people should see. Do not forget to show this incident to your children.

✍ A new planet discovered by Indian scientists 
Scientists of Physical Research Laboratory (PRL), Ahmedabad have discovered a new Exoplanet (a planet located outside the solar system). The name of this new planet is EPIC 211945201 or K2-236. PRL scientists have discovered this new planet in Mount Abu by the Mount Abu Infrared Observatory in Rajasthan. This observatory is located at an altitude of 1680 meters. Where there are about 200 days in the sky without clouds. This PRL Advanced Radial-velocity All-sky Search (PARAS) was established in the year 2012. Which has discovered the new planet in 2018. This planet located outside the solar system is located about 600 light years away from Earth. Its mass is 27 times higher than Earth and 6 times the radius of Earth. Its surface temperature is 600 ° C. Although the planet is very bigger than the Earth, it is orbiting a Sun-shaped star. It is 7 times closer than the Earth and Sun with its star. This is the reason that the temperature of its surface is so high. Such a high temperature is not conducive to life.
This is India's greatest achievement because it place India in a group of countries that have discovered and studied the planets located outside the solar system.

✍Moon is moving away from the Earth
The moon is moving away from the earth, which is affecting our earth. Professor Stephen Meyers of the University of Wisconsin-Madison University of America said that as the moon is moving away from Earth, the Earth is behaving like a spinning skater, which reduces its speed during spreading its arms. Research has shown that 1.4 billion years ago, the day was just 18 hours old and at that time the Moon was very close to the Earth. It is evident from this that the rotation of the earth is decreasing as the Moon goes away from the Earth. As a result, the day on Earth is becoming more and larger than it was before.

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  1. Very useful information. Moon gravity has been raising tides in Earth oceans which the fast spining Earth attempts to drag ahead of the sluggishly orbiting Moon. The result is that the Moon is being pushed away from Earth by 1.6 inches. Mars appeared as an extremely bright, star like object that was visible for much of the night. But if you slept through the whole event. Mars will still be especially bright and close tonight, so make sure to look up.


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